PNW Landscape Plant Guide

brought to you by the plant geeks at Calendula Farm

Raspberries (Rubus spp.)

Raspberries and blackberries are collectively known as ‘Cane Berries’ and their stems are referred to as canes.There are versions all around the northern hemisphere and here in the PNW we have native Salmonberry, Thimbleberry, Blackcap, and Dewberry. The garden varieties tend to be complicated mixes of parentage from these wild species.

Terms used and growing advice for caneberries can get really confusing really quick. Here’s a quick and easy guide:
They are either ‘Spring Crop’ or ‘Everbearing’. ‘Spring Crop’ types give you fruit once a year, usually in June, for several weeks. Once the fruit is gone, cut the canes that had fruit to the ground. They will die anyway. Leave the new fresh green canes that sprouted in spring to grow up and they will fruit the next year. ‘Everbearing’ types have canes that fruit twice a year, September and June. Any canes that produced fruit in June should be removed, they will die anyway. Leave the fresh new shoots that sprouted in spring to grow and they will fruit in autumn and again next June. The commercial berry uses the terms ‘Floricane’ and ‘Primocane’ for ‘Spring Crop’ and ‘Everbearing’. We like the old way. It’s more descriptive.